Transparency Promotion and Extractive Industries: Making Sense of Compliance in Resource-Rich StatesDr. Kerem ├ľge
Date &Time: December, 22, 16.30
As the most significant international advocate of transparency, the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a coalition of countries, companies, and civil society groups that aims to establish global standards of transparency in extractive industries. Since 2003, more than 50 resource-rich countries have become members of this public-private partnership. The growing popularity of the EITI is remarkable and puzzling at the same time. Traditionally, leaders of resource-rich states prefer to tightly control their extractive industries due to their strategic importance for the economy. Yet an increasing number of these states also endorse the EITI process, which obliges them to disclose their resource revenues. Building on the literatures on global governance, corruption, norm diffusion, and compliance, my research has two key objectives. The first is to understand the reasons of the EITIÔÇÖs popularity, even among some of the worldÔÇÖs most authoritarian regimes. The second objective is to analyze the impact of EITI compliance on transparency and corruption levels. My findings suggest that governments carry out transparency reforms selectively in order to maintain and attract foreign direct investment while leaving embedded corruption networks intact.
Bio: Dr. Kerem ├ľge is a Lecturer in International Political Economy at the University of Wales Trinity Saint David and a Visiting Fellow at the University of Warwick. He studied at the Middle East Technical University for a BSc in International Relations and a Minor degree in International Economics. He has an MA in International Political Economy from the University of Warwick and he received his PhD in Political Science from Boston College in 2013. He has held postdoctoral positions at Universit├ę Laval and McGill University. His research interests include Transparency, Energy Policy, International Organizations, Environmental Politics, Political Economy of Natural Resources, Corruption, Energy Geopolitics, the Caspian Region, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Turkey. He has published in journals including Energy Policy, Resources Policy, Eurasian Geography and Economics, Europe-Asia Studies, and Turkish Studies.